Of all the pests and parasites that pose a major threat to dogs and their owners, ticks and fleas are the most prominent ones. Fleas and ticks on dogs have become a dominant concern in most of the households nowadays. Breeding and thriving on the warm blood of your canines, these dangerous creatures are capable of spreading deadly diseases. Since they are capable of multiplying at a rapid rate, controlling them becomes a major issue. Therefore, you should always resort to proper remedial actions and preventive measures so as to completely eradicate fleas and ticks not only from your dogs, but also from your environment.
Fleas are minute, black insects, not bigger than 2 mm in length, while ticks are small, rounded insects with a light graying hue, but vary greatly in size. Both feed on the blood of dogs and are found in the exterior portion of the body, like skin, fur, ear, nose, tail etc. Both these parasites require moist, warm environment for survival. Therefore, they are generally active in places having temperate climates.
There are many ways in which you can understand the presence of fleas and ticks on dogs. In fact, presence of fleas and ticks on dogs makes the animal behave differently. It is this different behavioral pattern than can explain the occurrence of fleas and ticks on the body of your dog. As far as fleas are concerned, it causes intense itching of the skin. Dogs start to incessantly scratch their skin, or mildly bite them. These actions are directed mainly on the portion of head, neck and tail. But certain species of dogs are allergic to flea bites and saliva, and therefore can develop flea allergy dermatitis. This causes the scratching and biting to become more pronounced. If not taken care of, the dog might end up having bald spots, or losing considerable amount of hair and fur. Development of hot spots and skin infections are other symptoms of vibrant flea activity.
Ticks, on the other hand, attach themselves to the skin and fur of the dog. On closer observation, they resemble as a tiny, blood blister or smooth wart. Limited number of fleas and ticks on dogs are not harmful, but if the population exceeds, it can cause irritation and initiate allergic reaction. If things go out of hand, anemia can set in, and the animal can be under sever health implications.
Controlling fleas and ticks on dogs is a troublesome matter. But there are various ways that can ensure the hindrance in growth and spreading of these dangerous parasites. Try and keep the surroundings clean and tidy. Regular bathing and cleaning of your dog with herbal and natural shampoos can curb the increase of fleas and ticks. Immunize your dog from a prescribed veterinarian. Spray anti-pest compounds in nooks and crannies of your home, as well as in those places which are frequently visited by your dog, so that any surviving flea and tick larvae are eliminated. Lastly, keep your yard and garden well maintained.