Fleas are one of the most annoying pests not only for pets like cats and dogs, but also for humans as well. But they should not be treated only as an irritating nuisance; in fact, fleas are capable of causing several health risks and diseases. There are over two thousand different species of fleas that exists today, and each one of them is dangerous. Since fleas multiply at a rapid pace, eradicating them is not a very easy proposition. Therefore you should be well equipped and acquainted with the knowledge about various symptoms and signs of fleas on dogs that can help you take immediate action and remedial procedures against them. Only then can you be successful in dealing with a flea infestation.
There are numerous warning signs of fleas on dogs. Some of them are very common and basic, while others are rare and elusive, and mostly go overlooked. Since these filthy parasites thrive on the blood of the dogs, it is the skin that holds most of the signs. While hunting for fleas, the first thing you should do is cautiously, and intricately, examine your dog and its habits. Dogs tend to behave differently after coming in touch with fleas, and it is this different behavior that signals the presence of flea infestation in the animal.
Incessant biting and scratching are the two most common signs of fleas on dogs. Most dogs that are troubled by fleas exhibit these symptoms. Majority of the time, these behaviors are directed to regions like neck, head, and around the tail, which are the predominant areas of flea presence. It is also in these regions that fleas are mostly active. If too many fleas are present, the scratching will become pronounced and constant. This can result in the development of small sores and lump on the body of the dog. Flea bites can also cause the skin to become inflamed and turn red.
Certain species of dogs are hypersensitive as far as flea saliva is concerned. Allergic skin conditions are therefore common in such dogs. This is another important sign that can help you detect presence of fleas in your dog. Another way to detect flea infestation is by searching for flea dirt and feces on the body of the dog, and other parts of the household which are frequently visited by your canine. Basically flea faces and dirt are remains of dead flea and dried blood that are minute in size, and are visible as black specs. Such stuff can also be located on your dog’s bedding and rags and carpets.
If flea contamination is not restricted, your dog can suffer severe health implications. Signs like loss of hair and development bald spots indicate increased presence of fleas. In certain cases, when the flea count is too much, dogs can suffer from anemia. The animal can become listless, confused and lethargic and its tongue and gums can turn white. The dog can also face difficulty while walking or standing, if proper care is not taken.